Flowering

by | Jan 16, 2024 | Knowledgebase

The flowering cycle of a cannabis plant is a crucial stage in its life cycle, during which the plant transitions from the vegetative phase to the reproductive phase. This phase is characterized by the development of flowers, which contain the cannabinoids and other compounds that are highly sought after for both medicinal and recreational use.

Here’s a general overview of the the cannabis sativa plant life cycle flowering cycle:

Vegetative Stage:
– This is the initial phase of a cannabis plant’s life cycle, where it focuses on vegetative growth, developing leaves, stems, and branches.
– During this stage, the plant requires a longer daily light cycle (typically 18-24 hours of light) to encourage vegetative growth.

Pre-Flowering Transition:
– As the plant matures, it begins to show signs of sexual maturity, usually around 4-6 weeks into the vegetative stage.
– In the case of photoperiod strains (which depend on the light cycle for flowering), the switch to a 12-hour light cycle triggers the transition to the flowering stage.

Early Flowering Stage:
– This stage typically lasts for a few weeks after the light cycle change.
– During this period, the plant focuses on growing its infrastructure for supporting the upcoming buds, and pistils (hairs) start to appear at the nodes.

Mid-Flowering Stage:
– This phase involves the active development of flower clusters. Buds become more pronounced, and trichomes (small resin glands) start to form.
– Cannabis plants show their sex during this stage, with male plants producing pollen sacs and female plants developing pistils.

Late Flowering Stage:
– In this stage, the buds continue to swell and gain potency.
– Trichomes will change color from clear to cloudy, indicating the increasing levels of cannabinoids like THC and CBD.
– Harvesting is often done during this stage based on the desired cannabinoid profile and the grower’s preferences.

Harvest:
– The timing of harvest depends on factors like strain, desired effects, and the grower’s preferences.
– Harvesting too early may result in underdeveloped buds with lower potency, while harvesting too late might lead to a more sedative effect due to increased cannabinol (CBN) levels.

Post-Harvest:
– After harvesting, the buds need to be properly dried and cured to enhance their flavor, aroma, and overall quality.
– Curing involves storing the dried buds in controlled conditions (humidity and temperature) to allow for the slow release of moisture and the development of desirable flavors and aromas.

Understanding the flowering cycle is essential for cannabis cultivators to optimize their growing conditions and harvest the highest quality buds. It’s important to note that autoflowering strains, which flower based on age rather than changes in light cycle, have a different growth pattern.